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What is an Appendix in Assignment?

UserMin Seow time07 December,2023

An appendix is a supplementary section that provides additional information about the main contents. You can add documents or details to support the main arguments of any literary works. It typically includes material that is otherwise too distracting. Appendices contain charts, graphs, tables, images, and other relevant information that enhances the understanding of the main subject matter. You may have an appendix in reports, assignments, books, etc. In this piece, we will discuss all you need to know about appendices in assignments.

While writing an assignment, this section acts as a supplementary part. It contains additional information, like charts, graphs, or detailed data. This supports the main content with information that cannot be included in the main body. Appendices in assignments allow readers to refer to extra material without interrupting the flow of the argument.

Now that you have a fair idea of what an appendix is, let’s delve into further details –

How to Write an Appendix?

Let us start with how to write an appendix.To write it, follow these steps –

Title and Format

Start it with a clear title. Format the title in a way that distinguishes it from the main body of your document.

Organise Content

Arrange the content logically. There can be many additional data that you need to cover. Present all of them logically through charts, graphs, or images. You can also number or label each item. That way, it will be easy for the readers to reference it with the main text.

Reference in Main Text

Notify the readers to refer to the list of sources in your main document. For example, you can redirect the readers with a sentence like, “See Appendix A for additional details.”

Page Numbering

Assignments usually are long. So, it must have page numbers. You can continue the numbering in this section. In case the pages are not numbered, label the pages distinctly. Here is an appendix example for numbering the pages – “Appendix A-1, A-2…”.

Include in Table of Contents

This step is optional. However, if your document has a table of contents, you can consider including the titles and page numbers.

Consistent Formatting

Maintain a consistent format throughout this section. This includes headings, fonts, and any other style elements. You cannot use different font sizes in different paragraphs. Everything must be consistent, like the rest of the paper.

Consider Supplementary Material

You can include different types of supplementary material in here. Consider using materials like

  • Survey questions
  • Interview transcripts
  • Detailed technical data

You may use any other forms of data that support your main content.

Always check for any specific guidelines while writing an appendix. Depending on your institution or publisher, different style guides may have variations in appendix formatting. If you fail to maintain these guidelines, you can attract academic penalties.

Many students often get confused with creating appendices in different forms of papers. For example, the appendix of an essay may differ from creating one for a thesis paper. However, barring the technicalities, the basic format remains the same in all cases. If you are wondering how to create an appendix, follow these steps –

Decide on Content

Determine what supplementary material you want to include in this part. This could be

  • Additional data
  • Charts
  • Graphs
  • Images

Or it may be any information that supports your essay but is too detailed for the main text.


Start each section on a new page. Label it with a clear title such as “Appendix A,” “Appendix B,” and so on. If you have multiple appendices, distinguish them with letters or numbers.


Like assignments, there should be uniform formatting in essays. Maintain a consistent format. If you include tables or figures, number them in a sequence. That sequence must correspond to their appearance in the text. For example, Table A1, Figure B2.

Referencing in the Main Text

In your essay, refer to the appendices appropriately. For example, in the appendix of a document, you can write, “Refer to Appendix A for additional survey data.”

Page Numbers

Number the pages of your appendices. If your essay has page numbers, continue the numbering from the main text.

Table of Contents

It is always better to create a table of contents for the appendices as well. If your essay already has a table of contents, include the “Appendix” section in the list.

Consistency with Style Guide

Follow any specific guidelines throughout the essay. Follow the requirements given by your instructor or department. There are many style guides like APA or MLA. Choose one according to your requirements and follow that thoroughly.

However, depending on the type of essay, you may need to tailor these steps.

What to Write in an Appendix?

Now that you know how to write an appendix, next, let us tell you what to write in an appendix. Depending on the type of the paper, the contents may differ. However, these are some of the common elements you can find in this list –

Raw Data

While writing a paper, you come across a lot of raw data. However, you cannot add all these in the main body. Overstuffing of data can make the papers unnecessarily long and distract the readers from the primary focus. So, you can shift all these data to this section. Use tables, charts, or graphs to signify raw data that is too big to be included in the main text.

Additional Graphics

Use more supplementary images to state the data instead of just numbers. Using diagrams or maps provides more clarity than any text. Moreover, using too many words or numbers makes the appendices too detailed to follow.

Technical Details

Most assignments are often restrained by word counts. So, you cannot explain all the technicalities in the main section. So, you can add detailed explanations of all the technical aspects in the list of sources. These are some of the details that you can add –

  • Details of complex methodologies
  • Details of algorithms
  • Calculations

You can essentially add anything that you deem crucial for understanding but seems overwhelming in the main text.

Questionnaires and Surveys

Your research may involve collecting data through surveys or questionnaires. In that case, you should include the full forms in this part.

Interview Transcripts

In some assignments, you may need to add interviews. Many scientific papers often ask students to add the interview transcripts for enhanced credibility. In these papers, you can include full transcripts of the interviews. Interviews are also a common thing for qualitative research methods. These can also be placed in the appendix.

Code and Algorithms

If you are working with something that requires a quantitative approach, you have to work with many codes and algorithms. Including all the algorithms in detail may not be feasible in the main body. So, you can include these codes in the appendices.

Additional Documentation

You can add any other supplementary documents like –

  • Informed consent forms
  • Correspondence
  • Legal agreements

No matter what documents you upload, ensure that they are relevant to your study.

Maps or Geospatial Information

It is also allowed to add detailed maps in the appendix. Any kind of extensive geospatial information that supports your research can be added to this section.

Remember to refer to each item in the main text. This will indicate where readers can find more information in the part. Additionally, ensure that this content is presented in a clear and organized manner. Otherwise, it becomes too difficult for readers to navigate and comprehend.

Adding Appendix in APA 7

Before we tell you how to do an appendix in APA 7 style, here is a brief of the same –

APA 7 style refers to the 7th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. It is a set of guidelines for writing and formatting academic papers, focusing more on social science papers.

APA 7 formatting style includes several key elements –

Title Page

  • Title of the paper
  • Author’s name and institutional affiliation
  • Author note (if applicable)


A brief summary of the paper, this section gets wrapped up within 150-250 words.

Body of the Paper

Organize the body into sections like Introduction, Method, Results, and Discussion (IMRAD). Make sure to use of headings and subheadings for clarity.

In-Text Citations

Use the author-date citation system (e.g., Smith, 2020). Give page numbers for direct quotes.

References Page

Create an alphabetical list of all sources cited in the paper. Make sure to use the proper format for various sources (books, articles, websites, etc.).

Margins and Font

Keep one-inch margins on all sides, and use the Times New Roman font in 12-point size.

Line Spacing

Keep it double-spaced throughout the paper.

Running Head

Give a shortened version of the paper title in all capital letters at the top of each page.

Page Numbers

Make sure to mention the page number in the top right corner of each page

Tables and Figures

Number and title the tables and figures, with sources cited if not original.

Remember, these are general guidelines. It is crucial to consult the APA manual for specific details regarding the paper.

How to Do an APA Appendix?

Follow these guidelines if you want to know how to do an APA appendix –

1. Placement – Start this section on a new page after the reference list.

2. Title – Write the word “Appendix” at the top center of the page.

3. Ordering – If you have more than one list to source, label them as “Appendix A,” “Appendix B,” and so on.

4. Titles of Appendices – If your appendices include titles, write them in bold. For example, “Appendix A: Survey Questions”.

5. Format – The format should follow the same guidelines as the rest of the paper. For example, all sentences should be double-spaced and should be written in 12-point Times New Roman font.

6. In-Text Citations – Reference the appendices in the text. For example, you can cite like this – “See Appendix A for details”.

7. Tables and Figures – If your appendix includes tables or figures, label them as “Table A1,” “Figure A1,” and so on. You can use the numbers from the main text in the appendix section.

8. Citations in Appendices – If you cite sources in this part, make sure to use the same in-text citation style as in the main text and include the full citation in the reference list.

Follow these guidelines while writing any assignment in APA 7 style. However, remember to check the specific requirements of your assignment. Some may have additional instructions for appendix formatting. Follow what you have been instructed to the tee.

How to Do an Appendix in Harvard Style?

In Harvard style, the appendix is typically placed after the reference list. Each item in the appendix gets labeled with a letter. For example, Appendix A, Appendix B, and so on. Each appendix gets started with a clear title. You can include charts, tables, or additional explanations in Harvard-style appendices.

These are some of the elements of Harvard style formatting –

In-text Citations

The author’s name and publication year are in parentheses within the text.

Example: (Smith, 2010)

Page number for direct quotes.

Example: (Jones, 2008, p. 45)

Reference List

  • Author’s name (last name, initials). For example: Smith, J. R.
  • Publication year in parentheses. For example: (2015)
  • Title of the work in italics. For example: The Art of Writing
  • Place of publication. For example, in New York:
  • Name of the Publisher. For example: XYZ Publishers.
  • Page numbers for a specific chapter or range (if applicable).

Formatting Rules

Alphabetical order by author’s last name in the reference list.

Hanging indent for each reference.

Capitalization of major words in titles and proper nouns.

Some assignments may have specific details. So, you should always refer to the latest Harvard style guidelines for precise instructions.

Here’s a basic example of how to do an appendix in Harvard style –

Insert the Appendix Title

Appendix A: Title of the Appendix

Include Content

Add any tables, figures, or images relevant to your text.

Citation in Text

When referring to the appendix in your text, mention it like this – (See Appendix A for more details)

List in the Table of Contents

Include the appendix in your table of contents, if applicable

How to Do an Appendix in a Report?

Appendices in a report are written for the same purpose as other forms of literature. While writing reports, there are numerous raw data or other details that cannot be included within the main report. Hence, you can compile all of them in a separate appendix section. Before we discuss how to do an appendix in a report, here are some things that you should know –

These are the elements that you should include in an appendix of a report –

Appendix Title or Heading

Clearly label the appendix with a descriptive title or heading that indicates its content.

Letter or Numbering System

Assign each appendix a distinct letter (Appendix A, B, etc.) or number (Appendix 1, 2, etc.) for easy reference in the main text.

Table of Contents

If your report has multiple appendices, consider including a table of contents specific to the appendices to guide readers.

Page Numbers

Number the pages within the appendix section, either consecutively or with a prefix (e.g., A-1, A-2) to differentiate from the main document.

Captions and Labels

Provide clear captions and labels for tables, figures, or any other items within the appendix to help readers understand the content.


If your appendix includes references or citations, list them in a separate section within the appendix.

Raw Data

Include raw data, survey instruments, or any supplementary material that supports the findings presented in the main report.


Insert any additional charts, graphs, images, or other visual aids that contribute to understanding the report but are too detailed for the main body.

The goal of an appendix in a report is to enhance the comprehension of the readers without confusing them with too many words.
To include an appendix in a report, follow these general steps:

Title your Appendix

Start with a clear title such as “Appendix A: [Title of Appendix].”

Format the Page

Create a new page for the appendix. Ensure that it has the same formatting (font, margins, etc.) as the rest of your report.

List the Contents

If your appendix has multiple sections or documents, provide a brief, descriptive list at the beginning of the appendix.

Insert Content

Add the content of your appendix. This can include additional data, charts, graphs, images, or any supplementary material that supports your main report.

Label Figures and Tables

If your appendix includes figures or tables, label them with the appropriate numbering and title. For example, “Figure A.1: [Caption].”

Reference in the Main Report

In your main report, refer to the appendix when necessary. For example, “For more details on [topic], refer to Appendix A.”

Include Page Numbers

Number the pages of your appendix, especially if it’s more than one page.


Ensure consistency in formatting throughout the appendix, following the same style as the rest of the report.

Remember to check any specific guidelines provided by your instructor, institution, or style guide, as requirements may vary.
In this blog, we have discussed in detail everything you need to know about listing sources in assignments. Although the basic rules of creating an appendix is the same, there are a few minor differences. We have distinguished all the differences in this blog. Go through this piece, and understand it on your own. If you face any issues while understanding the nuances of creating an appendix, let us know. At, we have a team of excellent professionals who can help you with all kinds of academic queries. From listing your sources to generating fresh content, reach out to us for the fastest, and most affordable solutions.

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