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Oxford Referencing Generator

Introduction to Oxford Referencing

The Oxford referencing style has an interesting history. It originated in the UK but has become so popular that it can be applied in Australia as well.

What’s the reason behind the existence of this referencing style?

Well, for ages, the academic world was riddled with chaos because there was no standardisation in citations. Everyone just used whatever they fancied. It was only in 1893 that a scholar at Oxford University, Horace Hart, published the “Hart’s Rules for Compositors and Readers at the University Press, Oxford,” which later evolved to be the Oxford style that you know.

Here are the main points to know about this style –

  1. Oxford uses the footnote method, where you add a superscript number (also known as a note identifier) whenever you mention another author’s work.
  2. There’s a reference list at the end of the paper where you arrange the footnotes with more details in alphabetical order following the author’s surname.
  3. The OSCOLA referencing format is specifically used by law students to cite legal papers.

Did you know that you don’t have to use Latin abbreviations during Oxford referencing? This is more common in the APA and MLA styles but not in Oxford. If remembering such minor details becomes a challenge, you can always reach out to us at or assistance.

Importance of Oxford Referencing

Universities in Australia don’t play about plagiarism. Every work that you mention (even if it is your own published article) has to be accompanied by a detailed reference following the note citation system. That’s just how academia works.

Now, according to the Oxford footnote citation system, you aren’t supposed to include any details of the reference in the text. All that you can include is a superscript number. Compare this to other citation styles where you can add the author title, publication year, and even page numbers within parenthesis in the text itself.

Can you guess why many consider this an important change?

Well, most scholars agree that including so many details within the text can be distracting. Instead of risking that, the Oxford reference format keeps things neat. When you add a superscript number and then insert footnote at the bottom of the page, it becomes easier for the reader to check the details without getting distracted.

The footnotes on each page include the references that you’ve included on that page only. Meanwhile, the reference list at the end contains all the sources that you’ve mentioned in your entire paper. This makes it easier for researchers and scholars to look up the details later on.

Mastering this Oxford referencing style isn’t possible overnight. So, why don’t you try out our tool and get results within seconds?

How to Do Oxford Referencing?

Whether you’re a publisher or a student, knowing the details of Oxford referencing can be considered common knowledge. Here are a few pointers to go through to refresh your memory –

In-Text Citations in Oxford Referencing Style

When you mention another work in your content, add a Roman number in superscript form beside the reference. Then, insert the same number in the footnote section at the bottom of the page.

Let’s suppose that you have to refer to the same source multiple times in a page. In that case, the first footnote should include all the details of the reference. Meanwhile, the subsequent mentions can only include –

  • The author’s surname
  • The abbreviated title of the source
  • The page number

A line should separate the main body of the page from the footnote section.

Reference List in Oxford Referencing Style

Compile the details of all the sources that you’ve used throughout the content and arrange them in alphabetical order according to the surname of the author. This section allows the readers to easily locate the sources that you’ve mentioned in the paper. Keep in mind that the numerical or chronological order is not followed in this case.

Here’s something you might notice when you insert footnotes. At the bottom of each page, when you mention the sources, the author’s given name precedes their surname. However, that’s not the case for the reference list. In fact, it’s the opposite. Here, the surname comes before the given name of the author.

Referring to Direct Quotes

If the quote is within 30 words, then you can include it directly in the body of the text within single inverted commas. Add a note identifier immediately after the quote and state the citation details in the footnotes.

You can omit the quotation marks if you’re using a block quote (a quote of more than 30 words) since you have to begin it from a new paragraph. Here are some other pointers for block quotes –

  • You should introduce the quote with a colon.
  • There should be a 1cm indentation from the left-hand margin of the page.

Try to use such quotes sparingly.

Reviewing an example of how Oxford referencing works should help you understand the rules better. So, why don’t you check out some sample papers on that use this referencing style?

Oxford Referencing Example

Let’s take an example of a journal article as a reference in a paper.

A closer look at the architecture can reveal the history behind the city.1 These buildings bear witness to the changing times.

1 J. Hopper, ‘The History of Buildings: A Deeper Look into Architectural Grandeur’, Australian Historical Review, vol. 21, no. 5, 2021, p. 78.

This is how in-text citation works in the Oxford referencing style. When you insert a note identifier in the text, you imply that you’ve referred to someone else’s work there. That’s why, in the footnote section, you use the same note identifier to give more details about the reference.

Now, when adding this citation to the reference list, the surname comes before the initial of the author. Additionally, you can include the page range of the journal article. Here’s an example of how the citation should look –

Hopper, J., ‘The History of Buildings: A Deeper Look into Architectural Grandeur’, Australian Historical Review, vol. 21, no. 5, 2021, pp. 78-81.

By now, you should have figured out how the note citation system works. Make sure you don’t accidentally follow the subscript number-initials-surname structure. No reference uses the subscript number. If you need to refresh your memory about how in-text citations for other sources look like, check the list below:

  1. Journal articles – Author’s initials, Surname, ‘Article Title: Subtitle’, Journal Title, Volume Number, Year, page number.
  2. Edited book reference – Author’s initials, Surname, ‘Chapter Title’, in Author/Editor(s) of the Book, (ed.), Title of the Book, Place, Publisher, Date of Publication, Page Numbers.
  3. Online journal – Author’s initials, Surname, ‘Title of the Document’, Website Name, Publication Place, Publisher Name, Year, Page No., URL (accessed date month year).
  4. Web blog – Author’s initials, Surname, ‘Title of the Document’, Website Name [web blog], Date Month Year, URL (accessed date month year).
  5. E-book – Author’s initials, Surname, Book Title, Publisher, Publication Place, Year, Number of Pages, Database or URL (accessed date month year).

These are all examples of in-text citations. Is there a different rule you have to follow while mentioning the sources in the reference list?

Thankfully, you don’t. The difference between an in-text citation and a mention of the reference source in the list is pretty minor. If you need an example of a reference list in the Oxford referencing style, just reach out to us at

Why Do Students Need Oxford Referencing Generator?

The Oxford referencing generator is a saving grace for students in Australia. For starters, you don’t have to compare this footnote citation to other referencing styles like the APA or Harvard referencing. Other major issues related to Oxford reference that students have struggled with a lot include the following –

Inaccurate Details about the Publication Date

What do you when the date of publication for an e-book is different in multiple websites? Which one do you use? Referencing generators can easily determine the accurate date by checking the database.

Inability to Remember In-Text Citation Rules

In-text citations for Oxford reference depend on the type of source you’re citing. For example, the citations for Google Books and online articles will be different. When you can’t remember these differences, it’s best to rely on an Oxford referencing generator.

Lack of Clarity about Reference List Format

The reference list is supposed to be arranged alphabetically in the Oxford referencing style. However, many students forget that the surname comes before the initial in this section. That’s why it’s easier for them to use a tool that can generate this list instantly.

If you’re in dire need of a generator, feel free to use our tool at your convenience.

How is Our Oxford Referencing Generator the Best?

If you’re familiar with Microsoft Word, then you already know that the software comes with an in-built footnotes generator. So, what’s the need for the generator at

Well, for starters, the generator that we provide follows the rules of the Oxford referencing style to the T. We update the tool regularly to ensure it performs to the best of its capability. Besides, it is also popular for the following characteristics –

  • User-Friendly Interface
  • Instantaneous Results
  • 100% Accuracy Guaranteed
  • Compatibility on All Devices

These are the same characteristics that you’ll find in our other tools, such as -

Frequently Asked Questions

The results generated by a random citation maker online aren’t very reliable. However, when you use the tool at, you can expect results that follow the updated Oxford referencing system. This generator uses the latest AI technology. That’s why it’s able to update its system to follow the Oxford style without any prompt.

There’s no need to doubt the accuracy of the citations generated by our tool since we follow the standard Oxford referencing guide that is followed by every institute in Australia. Our developers have personally checked in with all institutes to ensure that the same reference rules are being followed.

Our Oxford referencing generator specialises in the citation of multiple sources, such as the following –

  • E-books
  • ·Journals
  • Blogs
  • Edited books
  • Newspapers
  • Dissertations

If there’s a particular source that you can’t find, reach out to us. Under our guidance, you can master the Oxford referencing style in no time.

Yes, we don’t charge a single cent for students to use our generator. Just find the tool on our website, enter the details of the source, and let our generator work its magic. Even if you don’t know all the specifics, type in the ISBN number, book title, and DOI number, or paste the website URL, and the tool will search our extensive online database to extract the source details.

In the Oxford referencing style, the way the citation is presented will have some minor changes if there is any missing information. If you choose the automatic system (for example, by typing in the ISBN or DOI number), then the tool will supply the missing details if they are available. However, if you type in the information manually, then the generator will make the required adjustments.

If you have an online publication at any reputed journal, our database will certainly be able to find the details in no time. So, the answer is “Yes!” You can cite your own writing with the help of our generator (Oxford-style specific) tool.

It takes a few seconds for our tool to cite anything. The moment you input the source details into the generator, it scans the entire database to locate the content. Then, the tool extracts the identifiers and crafts the citation based on the Oxford style referencing rules.

We allow the use of our Oxford referencing generator for all purposes. This tool was developed to ease the research efforts for students, scholars, researchers, publishers, editors, and other professionals. Instead of scanning every corner of the Internet to find source details, they can use our tool to get detailed results within seconds.

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