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Chicago Referencing Style

It is normal to get confused when they are asked to cite sources as per the Chicago referencing style due to the complications involved. You have to keep in mind the notes and bibliography, footnotes, and the author-date conventions. If you are having a difficult time, you should go through this page and know about our Chicago referencing generator.

The Chicago referencing style is quite popular in the United States. Chicago University Press is the publisher of this style guide. This is a common citation style, typically found in historical journals. For direct quotes and paraphrases, this citation style uses footnotes and endnotes.

If you are not familiar with the citation conventions and norms, it is wise to use the Chicago referencing tools.

What Is Chicago Referencing Style?

The Chicago referencing style is mostly used in disciplines like humanities, social sciences, and social sciences. The Chicago manual style of referencing is often termed as the “editor’s bible.” The style covers a wide array of topics from documentation, to manuscript publication.

Within the Chicago style, there are two referencing formats.

  • Author-Date System

For the author-date, you have to cite it in the text and provide the author, date, and page number. Each citation should be in parenthesis and match up with its corresponding entry in the reference list with the complete bibliographic information.

  • Notes And Bibliography System

If you are pursuing humanities, you need to use this system to cite sources using numbered footnotes or endnotes with a superscript number in the text. Then, you will have to mention the sources separately in the bibliography.

If you use our Chicago 16astyle referencing generator, you will get both types of citations.

How To Do Chicago Referencing? -Chicago Referencing Examples

Learn How To Cite The Sources Accurately

If you explore the Internet, you will come across plenty of Chicago referencing guidelines. The guidelines differ on the basis of the source that you are citing. 

Let’s take a look at certain examples of Chicago style referencing.

How To Cite A Book In Chicago Reference Style?

The last name of the author, first name. Year. Title of Book. Place of publication: publisher.

Jones, Kenneth Lyons, Marilyn Crandall Jones, and Miguel Del Campo. 2021 Smith's Recognizable Patterns of Human Malformation-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences.

How To Cite A Journal In Chicago Reference Style?

The last name of the author, first name. “Title of Article.” Name of Journal volume, no. issue (month/season year): page range of article. DOI if applicable.

Rampley, Matthew. "The Vienna School of Art History." In The Vienna School of Art History. No. 1-3, 70-74, 2021.Penn State University Press

In case of both the journals and books, the Chicago in text referencing format would be (Author last name year, page number(s))

For example, (Rampley, 2021, 71)

How To Cite A Website In Chicago Reference Style?

Website. n.d. “Title of work.” Accessed month date, year. URL.

Penn State University, 2020, “Proper Waste Management at the Campus” Accessed August 23, 2021,

In-text: (Penn State University, n.d.)

Hopefully, you got some insights into how you can cite various sources in Chicago.

How To Use Our Chicago Referencing Generator?

Our Chicago 16 referencing generator is extremely straightforward. When you visit the site,

  • The Chicago reference generator to choose the type of source you wish to cite.
  • In the search bar, you can search for the title of the book or ISBN, etc.
  • Or, if you prefer to fill in the prerequisites manually, you can do so.
  • You have to provide the author's name, title of the journal, book, publication, year, etc.
  • Once you provide the information, the Chicago citation generator generates the result.

Due to the simplistic approach, individuals from all over the world use it. Furthermore, you get free results at the mere click of a button.

How To Create Footnotes And Endnotes For Chicago Style?

Here’s how to create footnotes and endnotes for Chicago style: 

  • You use Chicago style referencing footnotes and endnotes to reference pieces of work in the text.
  • A superscript number is added after a quote or paraphrase to cite from a source.
  • The numbers in the citations should be in the correct order.
  • Numbered notes will show on a separate endnotes page at the end of your work, before the bibliography page. You have to name the page “Notes.”


The economic policies undertaken by the government made it difficult for the citizens. 1

  • Lucas, Emre, Inside Budget Debates (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2018), 24-25.

Hopefully, you have an insight into Chicago referencing footnotes and endnotes.

How Do You Write A Chicago Style Bibliography?

For the basic structure of bibliography, you have to adhere to certain norms. The template of the Chicago notes and bibliography will be different from the author-date style. We will take the same examples and sources as stated before.


The last name of the author, first name. Title of Book. Place of publication: publisher, year.

Jones, Kenneth Lyons, Marilyn Crandall Jones, and Miguel Del Campo. Smith's Recognizable Patterns of Human Malformation-E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences, 2021.

When there are multiple authors:

For more than one author, reverse the first author's name and write the other authors' names as they are.

Lawson, T. R., Jake Albom, and Terry Mikael. 1993. Business Ethics: An Introduction. New York: MacMillan.


Name of the channel. “Video Title.” Month date, year. Video, length. URL

DNGC, “10 Habits that Will Help You Get Better at Guitar.” July 24, 2018. Video, 12:16,


The last name of the author, first name. “Title of Article.” Name of Publication, month date, year. URL if applicable.

Timmons, Alex. “Tips to Stay Safe amid the Pandemic.” New York Times, July 23, 2020,

If you have a hard time grasping the concept, you should use our Chicago bibliography generator without hesitation. The tool generates the Chicago referencing bibliography swiftly.

Most Popular FAQs

A Chicago citation generator generates both the notes-bibliography and the author-date format for a number of sources. You get to cite both traditional and non-traditional sources as per the 16th or 17th edition of the Chicago style.

You should use the Chicago citation generator to get accurate citation results. You can generate formats for notes-bibliography and author-date. You can use the tool an unlimited number of times.

Last name of the author, First name of the author(s), Year. “Title of the Chapter.” Name of the Editor, Page numbers. Publisher City: Name of the Publisher.

Example: Devon, Charles, 1997. “Human Resource and the Future of the U.S. Civil Service.” Edited by Frederick Lane, 34-46. New York: Psychological Association.

Last name of the author, First name of the author. Title of the Book. Publisher City: Name of the Publisher, Publishing Year

Example: Holland, Wolfram, and George H. Wells. Glass-ceramic technology. John Wiley & Sons, 2015.

The surname of the author, First name of the author. "Title of the article." Name of the Journal Volume number (Year Published): Page Numbers

Example: Graham, Tobias. “Project Management Strategy for Successful Completion of Tasks” Project Management Solutions 121 (2018): 110-129

The surname of the author, First name of the author, "Title of the article." Newspaper Title. Month, Date, Publication Year, Accessed Month, Date URL

Example: Stansky, Alexander “Are the Storms Getting Extreme?” The National Herald, April 16, 2020. Accessed May 02, 2020, http://www.the

Director’s last name, First name. Film Title. Original publication date; Publication city: Publisher, Publication date. Medium.

Example: Yates, David, David Heyman, J.K. Rowling. Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows: Part 1. 2010; London: Warner Brothers, DVD.

Name of Government & Issuing Agency, Title of Publication, Author(s) First-name Last-name. Publication/Report Number, Place of Publication: Publisher, Year.

Example: U.S. Congress. Senate. Human-Animal Prohibition Act of 2008. 113th Cong., 2nd sess., S. Rept. 2009.

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